If you haven't seen the film, watch it, this is critical! (Watch the victorious, riotous ending, (embedding has been disabled)). Watching this clip will not ruin it for you, the Algerians win of course!
Bone up on the Algerian Revolution against colonialism, a movement that inspired many of the radical movements in the U.S. and continues to inspire revolt, i.e. today's France. Also, a hugely important outcome of Algerian liberation is Fanon's, "The Wretched of the Earth". Much more on Fanon and his philosophy to come.